## Turbulent Channel Flow

## Turbulent Channel Flow

Simulation of stationary and incompressible turbulent flow between two parallel flat plates at Reynolds number 42800. A fully developed turbulent velocity profile is formed at the outflow boundary which can be compared to experimental results (Laufer, J. 1950). This example uses both the built-in algebraic mixing …

## Fluid-Structure Interaction - Elastic Beam

## Fluid-Structure Interaction - Elastic Beam

Fluid-structure interaction benchmark problem for stationary, laminar, and incompressible flow around a cylinder with an attached elastic beam. Although it is not possible to derive an analytical solution to these test cases, numerical solutions to benchmark reference quantities have been established for the beam …

## Thermo-Mechanical Bending of a Beam

## Thermo-Mechanical Bending of a Beam

Coupled thermo-mechanical multiphysics simulation of bending of a cantilever beam. The left side of the beam is fixed to a solid wall while the top side is subjected to an elevated external temperature through natural convection. The lower and left side are continuously held at the initial zero temperature. A …

## Turbulent Flow Over a Backwards Facing Step (OpenFOAM)

## Turbulent Flow Over a Backwards Facing Step (OpenFOAM)

Flow over backwards facing steps are classic computational fluid dynamics test problems, and are often used for validation of simulation codes. This test problem consists of studying how the flow field reacts to a sudden expansion in a channel. The expansion will cause a break in the flow and a recirculation or …

## Piezo Electric Bending of a Beam

## Piezo Electric Bending of a Beam

Multiphysics simulation of piezoelectric bending of a laminated beam as for example can be found in actuators for MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems) devices. The model features coupled plane-stress and electrostatics physics modes with equations modified to account for the anisotropic piezo-electric coupling. The …

## Heat Induced Stress in a Brake Disc

## Heat Induced Stress in a Brake Disc

This multiphysics model examines temperature and heat induced stresses for one braking cycle in a brake disc assembly, and involves coupling of the stress-strain and heat transfer physics modes. The braking process consists of applying a brake pad to the front part of the disc which induces heat through friction, and …

## Stretching of a Thin Plate with a Hole

## Stretching of a Thin Plate with a Hole

This example is a well known benchmark test case from structural mechanics, a thin plate with a circular hole in the center is subjected to a load and stretched along the horizontal axis. The plate is thin enough to satisfy the two dimensional plane stress approximation, and since both the problem and solution will be …