## Cooling Effect of Adding Fins

## Cooling Effect of Adding Fins

This example models heated steam at a constant temperature of 120 C flowing through a aluminium pipe with 3 cm diameter. Heat loss to the surrounding cool air (at 25 C and heat transfer coefficient of h = 60 W/m2 C) is computed for a plain pipe, and also a pipe where 200 cooling fins per meter has been added. The …

## Multi-Simulation Heat Exchanger

## Multi-Simulation Heat Exchanger

This tutorial model illustrates how one can couple the OpenFOAM CFD solver with the FEATool Multiphysics FEA solver. In the model a stream of cool air is heated while flowing through a tube and fin heat exchanger. Due to several symmetry planes only a small section of the full heat exchanger geometry actually needs to …

## Space-Time Transformation of Heat Conduction

## Space-Time Transformation of Heat Conduction

This example considers transient heat diffusion in a solid 1 m rod where one end is kept at T = 25 degrees and the other subject to constant heat flux q_n = 1. This one-dimensional time dependent problem is transformed to a static two dimensional one. The computed results can both be compared with the analytical …

## Thermal Bridge

## Thermal Bridge

This is a benchmark test case for modeling the steady-state temperature distribution in a thermal bridge in building construction. The model consists of a 6 mm concrete slab subjected to an outside temperature of 0 °C and heat loss due to convection. The inside features a 4 cm layer of air enclosed within a 1.5 mm …

## Orthotropic Heat Conduction

## Orthotropic Heat Conduction

This is an example of modeling anisotropic heat conduction in an orthotropic material where a heated solid bar suddenly is cooled by submerging it in a cool fluid. The material features different thermal conductivities in the x and y-directions which is accounted for by modifying the diffusion term in the heat transfer …

## Simulation of Heating to Promote Drug Mixing in the Eye

## Simulation of Heating to Promote Drug Mixing in the Eye

The leading cause of central vision loss in the developed world is from age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Although certain types of AMD can generally be managed with injections of anti-VEGF agents, the treatment is sometimes ineffective. The linked study examines how this type of treatment potentially can be …

## Thermo-Mechanical Bending of a Beam

## Thermo-Mechanical Bending of a Beam

Coupled thermo-mechanical multiphysics simulation of bending of a cantilever beam. The left side of the beam is fixed to a solid wall while the top side is subjected to an elevated external temperature through natural convection. The lower and left side are continuously held at the initial zero temperature. A …