FEATool  v1.9
Finite Element Analysis Toolbox
ex_darcy1.m File Reference

Description

EX_DARCY1 Darcy's law for a porous packed bed reactor.

[ FEA, OUT ] = EX_DARCY1( VARARGIN ) Example using Darcy's law to study the cross sectional flow in the porous material of a packed bed reactor.

Accepts the following property/value pairs.

Input       Value/{Default}        Description
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
hmax        scalar {2e-4}          Grid size
sfun        string {sflag2}        Shape function for pressure
iplot       scalar 0/{1}           Plot solution (=1)
                                                                                  .
Output      Value/(Size)           Description
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fea         struct                 Problem definition struct
out         struct                 Output struct

Code listing

 cOptDef = { 'hmax',     2e-4;
             'sfun',     'sflag2';
             'iplot',    1;
             'tol',      5e-3;
             'fid',      1 };
 [got,opt] = parseopt(cOptDef,varargin{:});
 fid       = opt.fid;


% Model constants.
 p0  = 1e5;       % Reference pressure.
 kap = 1.2e-13;   % Permeability.
 eta = 1.6e-5;    % Viscosity.
 M   = 16e-3;     % Molar mass.
 R   = 8.32;      % Ideal gas constant.
 T   = 344;       % Temperature.


% Geometry and grid generation.
 fea.sdim = { 'x' 'y' };
 fea.geom.objects = { gobj_polygon([0     2.3e-3 2.3e-3 2.3e-3 2.3e-3 0    0    0       0;
                                   -6e-3 -6e-3  -5e-3  -4e-3   6e-3   6e-3 5e-3 3.5e-3 -6e-3]') };
 fea.grid = gridgen( fea, 'hmax', opt.hmax, 'fid', opt.fid );


% Problem definition.
 fea = addphys( fea, @darcyslaw );   % Add Darcy's law physics mode.

% Modify equation kappa -> p*kappa (introduce nonlinearity in equation, not coefficient).
 fea.phys.dl.eqn.seqn = strrep(fea.phys.dl.eqn.seqn,'kap_dl','p*kap_dl');
 fea.phys.dl.eqn.coef{2,end} = { kap*M/R/T };
 fea.phys.dl.eqn.coef{3,end} = { eta };
 fea.phys.dl.sfun            = { opt.sfun };

% Set pressure 1.7 times higher on the inflow.
 i_inflow  = 7;
 i_outflow = 3;
 fea.phys.dl.bdr.sel(i_inflow)  = 1;
 fea.phys.dl.bdr.sel(i_outflow) = 1;
 fea.phys.dl.bdr.coef{1,end}{1,i_inflow}  = p0*1.7;
 fea.phys.dl.bdr.coef{1,end}{1,i_outflow} = p0;


% Parse and solve problem.
 fea       = parsephys( fea );
 fea       = parseprob( fea );             % Check and parse problem struct.
 fea.sol.u = solvestat( fea, 'init', {p0}, 'fid', opt.fid );   % Call to stationary solver.


% Postprocessing.
 s_velmag = ['sqrt(((',num2str(-kap/eta),')^2)*(px^2+py^2))'];
 if( opt.iplot>0 )
   figure
   postplot( fea, 'surfexpr', ['min(0.1,',s_velmag,')'], ...
                  'arrowexpr', {[num2str(-kap/eta),'*px'] [num2str(-kap/eta),'*py']} )
   title( 'Velocity field' )
 end


% Error checking.
 u_vel = intsubd( s_velmag, fea );
 p_in  = intbdr( 'p', fea, i_inflow );
 p_out = intbdr( 'p', fea, i_outflow );
 out.err = [ abs(u_vel-1.205e-6)/1.205e-6;
             abs(p_in-255)/255 ;
             abs(p_out-100)/100 ];
 out.pass = all( out.err < opt.tol );


 if ( nargout==0 )
   clear fea out
 end