FEATool  v1.7.1
Finite Element Analysis Toolbox
 All Files Functions Pages
ex_navierstokes8.m File Reference

Description

EX_NAVIERSTOKES8 2D Example for axisymmetric incompressible stationary flow in a constricted circular pipe.

[ FEA, OUT ] = EX_NAVIERSTOKES8( VARARGIN ) Sets up and solves stationary axisymmetric Poiseuille flow in a constricted circular pipe. The inflow profile is constant and the outflow should assume a parabolic profile. Accepts the following property/value pairs.

Input       Value/{Default}        Description
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
rho         scalar {1}             Density
miu         scalar {1}             Molecular/dynamic viscosity
uin         scalar {1}             Inflow velocity (constant/mean)
r           scalar {1}             Channel radius
l           scalar {3}             Channel length
hmax        scalar {0.1}           Max grid cell size
sf_u        string {sflag2}        Shape function for velocity
sf_p        string {sflag1}        Shape function for pressure
iplot       scalar 0/{1}           Plot solution and error (=1)
                                                                                  .
Output      Value/(Size)           Description
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fea         struct                 Problem definition struct
out         struct                 Output struct

Code listing

 cOptDef = { ...
   'rho',      1; ...
   'miu',      1; ...
   'uin',      1; ...
   'r',        1; ...
   'l',        3; ...
   'hmax',     0.1; ...
   'sf_u',     'sflag2'; ...
   'sf_p',     'sflag1'; ...
   'iplot',    1; ...
   'fid',      1 };
 [got,opt] = parseopt( cOptDef, varargin{:} );
 fid       = opt.fid;


% Geometry definition.
 r = opt.r;   % Pipe radius.
 l = opt.l;   % Pipe length.
 gobj1 = gobj_rectangle( 0, r,   0,     l*2/3, 'R1' );
 gobj2 = gobj_rectangle( 0, r/2, l*2/3, l,     'R2' );
 gobj3 = gobj_circle( [r l*2/3], r/2, 'C1' );
 fea.geom.objects = { gobj1 gobj2 gobj3 };
 fea = geom_apply_formula( fea, 'R1+R2-C1' );
 fea.sdim = { 'r' 'z' };   % Space coordinate names.


% Grid generation.
 fea.grid = gridgen( fea, 'hmax', opt.hmax, 'fid', fid );


% Boundary specifications.
 i_inflow   = 1;       % Inflow boundary number.
 i_outflow  = 5;       % Outflow boundary number.
 i_symmetry = [3 6];   % Symmetry boundary numbers.


% Problem definition.
 fea = addphys( fea, {@navierstokes 1} );   % Add Navier-Stokes equations physics mode.
 fea.phys.ns.eqn.coef{1,end} = { opt.rho };
 fea.phys.ns.eqn.coef{2,end} = { opt.miu };
 fea.phys.ns.sfun            = { opt.sf_u opt.sf_u opt.sf_p };


% Boundary conditions.
 fea.phys.ns.bdr.sel(i_inflow)   = 2;
 fea.phys.ns.bdr.sel(i_outflow)  = 3;
 fea.phys.ns.bdr.coef{2,end}{2,i_inflow} = opt.uin;
 fea.phys.ns.bdr.sel(i_symmetry) = 5;
 fea = parsephys(fea);  % Parse physics mode.


% Parse and solve problem.
 fea = parseprob(fea);   % Check and parse problem struct.
 jac.form  = {[1;1] [1;1] [];[1;1] [1;1] []; [] [] []};
 jac.coef  = {'r*rho_ns*ur' 'r*rho_ns*uz' []; 'r*rho_ns*wr' 'r*rho_ns*wz' []; [] [] []};
 fea.sol.u = solvestat( fea, 'fid', fid, 'jac', jac );


% Error checking.
 r = linspace( 0, opt.r/2, 20 );
 z = 0.9*opt.l*ones( 1, 20 );
 U = evalexpr( 'sqrt(u^2+w^2)', [r;z], fea )';
 u_fac = 4;   % Due to contraction to 1/2 radius.
 U_ref = 2*opt.uin*u_fac*( 1 - ( r/(opt.r/2) ).^2 );
 err = sqrt( sum((U-U_ref).^2)/sum(U_ref.^2) );


% Postprocessing.
 if( opt.iplot>0 )
   figure
   subplot(1,3,1)
   postplot( fea, 'surfexpr', 'sqrt(u^2+w^2)', 'arrowexpr', {'u' 'w'} )
   hold on
   plot( r, z, 'k--' )
   title( 'Velocity field' )

   subplot(1,3,2)
   postplot( fea, 'surfexpr', 'p', 'evaltype', 'exact', 'isoexpr', 'p' )
   title( 'Pressure' )

   subplot(1,3,3)
   plot( r, U,     'b-' )
   hold on
   plot( r, U_ref, 'r-' )
   title('Velcity profile at z=0.9*l')
   xlabel( 'Radius' )
   legend( 'Computed', 'Reference', 'location', 'south' )
 end


 out.err  = err;
 out.pass = err<0.05;
 if( nargout==0 )
   clear fea out
 end