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ex_waveequation1.m File Reference

Description

EX_WAVEEQUATION1 2D Wave equation example on a circle.

[ FEA, OUT ] = EX_WAVEEQUATION1( VARARGIN ) Wave equation on a circle with zero source term by variable splitting. Accepts the following property/value pairs.

Input       Value/{Default}        Description
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
radi        scalar {1}             Radius of circle
c2          scalar {1}             Wave speed (squared)
init        scalar {1-(x^2+y^2)}   Initial shape
tmax        scalar {1}             Stopping time
tstep       scalar {0.1}           Time step size
igrid       scalar 0/{1}           Cell type (0=quadrilaterals, 1=triangles)
hmax        scalar {0.05}          Grid cell size
iexpl       scalar {0}             Use explicit (or implicit) right hand side
ischeme     scalar {3}             Time stepping scheme
sfun        string {sflag1}        Shape function
iphys       scalar 0/{1}           Use physics mode to define problem    (=1)
                                   or directly define fea.eqn/bdr fields (=0)
iplot       scalar 0/{1}           Plot solution (=1)
                                                                                  .
Output      Value/(Size)           Description
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
fea         struct                 Problem definition struct
out         struct                 Output stuct

Code listing

 cOptDef = { ...
   'radi',     1; ...
   'c2',       1; ...
   'init',     '1-(x^2+y^2)'; ...
   'tmax',     1; ...
   'igrid',    1; ...
   'hmax',     0.1; ...
   'tstep',    0.05; ...
   'iexpl'     0; ...
   'ischeme'   3; ...
   'sfun',     'sflag1'; ...
   'iphys',    1; ...
   'iplot',    1; ...
   'tol',      0.125; ...
   'fid',      1 };
 [got,opt] = parseopt(cOptDef,varargin{:});
 fid       = opt.fid;


% Geometry definition.
 gobj = gobj_circle( [0 0], opt.radi );
 fea.geom.objects = { gobj };


% Grid generation.
 if( opt.igrid==1 )
   fea.grid = gridgen(fea,'hmax',opt.hmax,'fid',fid);
 else
   fea.grid = circgrid( 16, 12, opt.radi );
   if( opt.igrid<0 )
     fea.grid = quad2tri( fea.grid );
   end
 end
 n_bdr = max(fea.grid.b(3,:));   % Number of boundaries.


% Problem definition.
 fea.sdim  = { 'x' 'y' };   % Coordinate names.
 if ( opt.iphys==1 )

   fea = addphys( fea, @poisson, {'u'} );  % Add Poisson equation physics mode for 'u'.
   fea = addphys( fea, @poisson, {'v'} );  % Add Poisson equation physics mode for 'v'.
   fea.phys.poi.sfun  = { opt.sfun };      % Set shape function for 'u'.
   fea.phys.poi2.sfun = { opt.sfun };      % Set shape function for 'v'.

% Change equations.
   if( opt.iexpl==1 )
     fea.phys.poi.eqn.seqn  = ['u'' = v'];
   else
     fea.phys.poi.eqn.seqn  = ['u'' - v_t = 0'];
   end
   fea.phys.poi2.eqn.seqn = ['v'' - ',num2str(opt.c2),'*(ux_x  + uy_y) = 0'];

% Set homogenous Dirichlet boundary coefficients.
   fea.phys.poi.bdr.coef{1,end}  = repmat({0},1,n_bdr);
   fea.phys.poi2.bdr.coef{1,end} = repmat({0},1,n_bdr);

% Check and parse physics modes.
   fea = parsephys(fea);

 else

   fea.dvar  = { 'u' 'v' };              % Dependent variable names.
   fea.sfun  = { opt.sfun opt.sfun };    % Shape functions.

% Mass matrix.
   fea.eqn.m.form = { [1;1] []    ;
                      []    [1;1] };
   fea.eqn.m.coef = { 1  [] ;
                      [] 1  };

% System/iteration matrix A_u := 0, A_vu = c2*( u_xx + u_yy ).
   if( opt.iexpl==1 )
     a12 = [];
   else
     a12 = [1;1];
   end
   fea.eqn.a.form = { []        a12 ;
                      [2 3;2 3] [] };
   fea.eqn.a.coef = { []     -1 ;
                      opt.c2 [] };

% Source term  f_u := v, f_v := 0.
   fea.eqn.f.form = {  1 ; 1 };
   if( opt.iexpl==1 )
     fea.eqn.f.coef = { 'v'; 0 };
   else
     fea.eqn.f.coef = { 0 ; 0 };
   end

% Define homogenous Dirichlet conditions.
   fea.bdr.d     = cell(2,n_bdr);
  [fea.bdr.d{:}] = deal( 0 );       % Zero Dirichlet conditions everyhere.
   fea.bdr.n     = cell(2,n_bdr);   % Clear Neumann conditions.

 end


% Parse and solve problem.
 fea = parseprob(fea);
 [fea.sol.u,fea.sol.tlist] = solvetime( fea, 'fid', fid, ...
                                        'init',  { opt.init 0 }, ...
                                        'icub',    4, ...
                                        'imass',   4, ...
                                        'tmax',    opt.tmax, ...
                                        'tstep',   opt.tstep, ...
                                        'ischeme', opt.ischeme );

% Postprocessing.
 xp = [0; 0];
 if ( opt.iplot>0 )
   figure
   subplot(1,2,1)
   isol = numel(fea.sol.tlist);
   postplot( fea, 'surfexpr', 'u', 'axequal', 'on', 'solnum', isol )
   title(['Solution at time ',num2str(fea.sol.tlist(isol))])

   for isol=1:numel(fea.sol.tlist)
     u(isol) = evalexpr( 'u', xp, fea, isol );
   end
   subplot(1,2,2)
   plot( fea.sol.tlist, u )
   title(['Solution at point (',num2str(xp'),')'])
   ylabel('u')
   xlabel('time')
 end

 u_ref    = -0.958;
 [~,isol] = min(abs(fea.sol.tlist-1));
 out.err  = abs( u_ref - evalexpr( 'u', xp, fea, isol ) )/abs(u_ref);
 out.pass = out.err < opt.tol;
 if ( nargout==0 )
   clear fea out
 end